Quattrocentro: Italian Renaissance Architecture
The word renaissance was derived from the Italian phrase la rinascita (meaning rebirth). This term was first seen in Vasaris The Lives of the Artists (1550-1568). The Renaissance style was recognized in the Italian term meaning in the ancient manner of (the Romans).
Historians generally divide the Renaissance in
In the Quattrocento, concepts of architectural order were explored. Rules were written and put into practice. The study of classical antiquity led in particular to the adoption of Classical detail and ornamentation.
The idea of space as an element of architecture changed radically. In the Middle Ages, space was organized by an architects intuition. Many Medieval buildings reflect this. During the Italian Renaissance, architectural space was determined by proportional logic. Its form and rhythm was subject to geometry. The prime example of this is the Basilica San Lorenzo in